School of Urban Studies and Planning
Portland State University
Portland, OR

1830 NE Klickitat St.
Portland, OR 97212


B.A., 1966 Swarthmore College (history)

M.A., 1967 University of Chicago (history)

Ph.D., 1971 University of Chicago (history, geography)


1983 Professor of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University

2001 Acting Director, School of Urban Studies and Planning

1995 Faculty Adviser [Executive Assistant] to University President

1984-90 Chair, Department of Urban Studies and Planning

1987 Banneker Professor of Washington Area Studies and Visiting Professor of Urban and Regional Planning, The George Washington University

1985 Aspinall Professor of History, Political Science, and Public Affairs, Mesa College

1979-83 Associate Professor of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University

1978-79 Associate Director, Graduate Program in Public History, Portland State University

1972-78 Assistant to Associate Professor of History and Urban Studies, Old Dominion University

1971-72 Visiting Assistant Professor of History, University of Denver


Colorado: A History of the Centennial State (Boulder: Colorado Associated University Press, 1976; rev. edition with David McComb and Stephen Leonard, 1982, third edition 1994; fourth edition with Stephen Leonard and Tom Noel, 2005)

The Great Extravaganza: Portland’s Lewis and Clark Exposition (Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 1981; rev. ed. 2004)

Boosters and Businessmen: Popular Economic Thought and Urban Growth in the Antebellum Middle West (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1981)

Portland: Planning, Politics and Growth in a Twentieth Century City (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983)

The New Urban America: Growth and Politics in Sunbelt Cities (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1981; rev. ed. 1987)

Portland: Gateway to the Northwest (Los Angeles: Windsor Publications, 1985)

The Metropolitan Frontier: Cities in the Modern American West (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1993) [Urban History Association prize for best book in North American urban history]

Planning the Oregon Way: A Twenty Year Evaluation, edited with Deborah Howe and Sy Adler (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1994)

Planning a New West: The Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, co-authored with Sy Adler and Margery P. Abbott (Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1997)

Political Terrain: Washington, D.C. from Tidewater Town to Global Metropolis (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999) [Society for American City and Regional Planning History book award]

Greater Portland: Urban Life and Landscape in the Pacific Northwest (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001).

Two Centuries of Lewis and Clark: Reflections on the Voyage of Discovery. Co-author with William Lang. (Portland: Oregon Historical Society, 2004).

Frontiers Past and present: Science Fiction and the American West (Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 2006).

Urban America in the Modern Age, 1920 to the Present (Chicago: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 2007)

How Cities Won the West: Four Centuries of Urban Change in Western North America (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2008).


The American Journey: A History of the United States, co-authored with David Goldfield, Virginia DeJohn Anderson, Jo Ann Argersinger, Peter Argersinger, William Barney, and Robert Weir (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998; fifth edition 2009).


“Twentieth Century Norfolk: The Context of Neighborhood Change,” in Carl Abbott, Kenneth Galchus, Norman Pollock, and Raymond Rosenfeld, The Evolution of an Urban Neighborhood: Colonial Place, Norfolk, Virginia (Charlottesville: Institute of Government, University of Virginia, 1975)

“The Norfolk Business Community and the Crisis of Massive Resistance,” in Elizabeth Jacoway and David Colburn, eds., Southern Businessmen and Desegregation (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1982)

“Plank Roads and Wood Block Pavements,” in Richard C. Davis, ed., The Encyclopedia of American Forest and Conservation History (New York: The Free Press, 1983). Also published in Journal of Forest History, 25 (October 1981).

“Wartime Planning in Seattle and Portland, 1940 45,” in Roger Lotchin, ed., The Martial Metropolis: American Cities in War and Peace (New York: Praeger, 1984)

“The Everyday City: Portland’s Changing Neighborhoods,” in Larry W. Price, ed., Portland’s Changing Landscape (Portland: Association of American Geographers, 1987).

“Frontiers and Sections: Cities and Regions in American Growth,” in Howard Gillette, Jr., and Zane Miller, eds., American Urbanism: A Historiographic Review (New York: Greenwood Press, 1987). Also published in American Quarterly, 37 (1985)

“The End of the Southern City,” Perspectives on the American South, IV (New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1987). Excerpted in Jack Bass and Tom Terrill, eds., The American South Comes of Age (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987)

“Urban Growth and the New West,” in Richard Etulain and Gerald Nash, ed., The Twentieth Century West: Historical Interpretations (Albuquerque: U. of New Mexico Press, 1989)

“Urban Growth,” in William Ferris and Charles Wilson, eds., Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989)

“Southwestern Cityscapes: Approaches to an American Urban Environment,” in Robert Fairbanks and Kathleen Underwood, eds., Sunbelt Cities and Recent Urban America (College Station: Texas A & M Press, 1990)

“New South, New West, New Region: The Discovery of the Sunbelt,” in Raymond Mohl, ed., Searching for the Sunbelt (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1990)

“Urban America,” in Luther Luedtke, ed., Making America: The Society and Culture of the United States (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992).

“Through Flight to Tokyo: Sunbelt Cities and the New World Economy,” In Arnold Hirsch and Ray Mohl, eds., Urban Policy in the Twentieth Century (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992)

“The Federal Impact,” in Carol O’Connor and Clyde Milner, II, eds., The Oxford History of the American West (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994)

“Urban History,” in Roger Caves, ed., Exploring Urban America (Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, 1994)

“The American West and the Three Urban Revolutions,” in Gene Gressley, ed., Old West, New West (Worland, WY: High Plains Publishing, 1994)

“Five Strategies for Downtown,” in Mary Corbin Sies and Christopher Silver, eds., Planning the Twentieth Century American City (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996)

“Building the Atomic Cities: Richland, Los Alamos, and the American Planning Language,” in Bruce Hevly and John Findlay, eds., The Atomic West (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1998)

“Footprints and Pathways: The Urban Impact on the Pacific Northwest,” in Dale Goble and Paul Hirt, eds., Northwest Lands, Northwest People (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1999)

“The Capital of Good Planning: Metropolitan Portland since 1970,” in Robert Fishman, ed., The American Planning Tradition: Culture and Policy (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000)

“Land for Cities, Scenery for City People: Managing Urbanization in the American Grain,” in James Foster and William Robbins, eds., Land in the American West (Seattle: U. Washington Press, 2001)

“That Long Western Border: Canada, the United States, and a Century of Economic Change,” in John M. Findlay and Ken Coates, eds., Parallel Destinies: Canadian-American Relations West of the Rockies (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2002). A different version as “Crossing the Long Northern Border: Rhetoric and Reality in the Cascadian Region of Western North America,” in Pierre Lagayette, ed., L’Echange: Modalities et representations (Paris: Presses de L’Universite Paris-Sorbonne, 2005)

“Planning a Sustainable City: The Promise and Performance of Portland’s Urban Growth Boundary,” in Gregory Squires, ed., Urban Sprawl: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses (Washington: Urban Institute Press, 2003)

“Paul Allen and the High Technology West at the End of the Twentieth Century,” in Richard Etulain, ed., Peopling the American West (University of New Mexico Press, 2004)

“Centers and Edges; Reshaping Downtown Portland,”in Connie Ozawa, ed., The Portland Edge: Challenges and Successes in Growing Communities (Washington: Island Press, 2004)

“Washington and Berlin: National Capitals in a Networked World,” in Andreas Daum and Christof Mauch, eds., Berlin-Washington, 1800-2000: Capital Cities, Cultural Representations, and National Identities (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005)


Note: some links to articles may only be accessible to users with access to subscription databases such as JSTOR.

The Location and External Appearance of Mrs. Trollope’s Bazaar,” Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 29 (Oct. 1970)

Civic Pride in Chicago, 1844 1860,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, 63 (Winter 1970)

“The Plank Road Enthusiasm in the Antebellum Middle West,” Indiana Magazine of History, 67 (June 1971)

“Boom State and Boom City: Stages in Denver’s Growth,” The Colorado Magazine, 50 (Summer 1973). Reprinted in James Wright, ed., The Great Plains Experience (Omaha, 1979)

“The Neighborhoods of New York City: 1760-1775, New York History, 55 (Jan. 1974)

Popular Economic Thought and Occupational Structure in Three Middle Western Cities in the Antebellum Decade,” Journal of Urban History, 1 (Feb. 1975)

“Norfolk in the New Century: The Jamestown Exposition as a Booster Institution,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 85 (Jan. 1977)

“Measuring the Quality of Urban Life,” Planning, 43 (Nov. 1977)

“Suburb and City: Socioeconomic Status in Metropolitan Denver since 1940,” Social Science History, 2 (Fall 1977)

Plural Society in Colorado: Ethnic Relations in the Twentieth Century,” Phylon, 39 (Sept. 1978)

“Indianapolis in the 1850s: Economic Thought and Economic Growth,” Indiana Magazine of History, 74 (December 1978)

“American Urban History: Suggestions for Quantitative Research,” Regional Economic History Working Papers, Eleutherian Mills Hagley Foundation, 2 (1979)

“The Active Force: Enos A. Mills and the National Park Movement,” The Colorado Magazine, 54 (Winter 1979)

“The American Sunbelt: Idea and Region,” Journal of the West, 18 (July 1979). Reprinted in Jack Bass and Tom Terrill, eds., The American South Comes of Age (New York: Knopf, 1987)

“Colonial Place, Norfolk: Residential Integration in a Southern Urban Neighborhood,” Urban Affairs Papers, 1 (Fall 1979) (with Margery P. Abbott)

“Necessary Adjuncts to Its Growth: The Railroad Suburbs of Chicago,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, 73 (Summer 1980)

“To Arouse Interest in the Outdoors: The Literary Career of Enos Mills,” Montana: The Magazine of Western History, 31 (April 1981)

“Building Western Cities: A Review Essay,” Colorado Heritage (Winter 1984)

“Greater Portland: Experiments with Professional Planning, 1905 25,” Pacific Northwest Quarterly, 76 (January 1985)

“Air Conditioned Growth Machines,” Journal of Urban History, 11 (February 1985)

“The Suburban Sunbelt,” Journal of Urban History, 13 (May 1987)

“Perspectives on American Economic Planning: The Case of Washington since 1880,” The Public Historian, 11 (Spring 1989)

“Historical Analysis as a Planning Tool,” Journal of the American Planning Association, 55 (Fall 1989) (with Sy Adler)

“Utopia and Bureaucracy: The Fall of Rajneeshpuram, Oregon,” Pacific Historical Review, 58 (February 1990)

“United States Regional History as an Instructional Field: The Practice of College and University History Departments,” Western Historical Quarterly, 21 (May 1990). Excerpted in American Historical Association Perspectives (February 1990)

“Dimensions of Regional Change in Washington, D.C.,” American Historical Review, 95 (Dec. 1990)

“International Cities in the Dual Systems Model: The Trans formations of Los Angeles and Washington,” Urban History Yearbook, 1991

“Regional City and Network City: Portland and Seattle in the Twentieth Century,” Western Historical Quarterly, 23 (Aug.1992) [Western History Association best article award for 1993].

“Five Downtown Strategies: Policy Discourse since 1946,” Journal of Policy History, 5: 1 (1993). Reprinted in Martin Melosi, ed., Urban Public Policy: Historical Modes and Methods (State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993).

“The Urban West and the Twenty-First Century,” Montana: The Magazine of Western History, 43 (Spring 1993)

“The Politics of Land Use Law in Oregon: Senate Bill 100, Twenty Years After,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, 94 (Spring 1993)

“Metropolitan Portland: Reputation and Reality,” Built Environment, 20, 1 (1994).

“Reading Urban History: Influential Books and Historians,” Journal of Urban History, 21 (Nov. 1994)

“Beautiful Downtown Burbank: Changing Metropolitan Geography in the Modern West,” Journal of the West, 34 (July 1995)

“The Internationalization of Washington, D.C.,” Urban Affairs Review, 31 (May 1996)

“Thinking about Cities: The Central Tradition in U.S. Urban History,” Journal of Urban History, 22 (Sept. 1996)

“The International Cities Hypothesis: An Approach to American Urban History,” Journal of Urban History 24 (Nov. 1997)

“The Portland Region: Where City and Suburbs Talk to Each Other . . . and Often Agree,” Housing Policy Debate, 8:4 (1997)

“Portland: Civic Culture and Civic Opportunity,” Oregon Historical Quarterly, 102 (Spring 2001)

“Falling into History: The Imagined Wests of Kim Stanley Robinson in the ‘Three Californias’ and Mars Trilogies,” Western Historical Quarterly, 34 (Spring 2003)

“A Quiet Counterrevolution in Land Use Regulation: The Origins and Impact of Oregon’s Measure 7,” with Sy Adler and Deborah Howe, Housing Policy Debate (2004)

“Homesteading on the Extraterrestrial Frontier,” Science Fiction Studies, 32 (July 2005)

The Light on the Horizon: Imagining the Death of American Cities,” Journal of Urban History, 32 (January 2006)

Borderland Studies: Comments on Clay McShane’s “The State of the Art in North American Urban History,” Journal of Urban History, 32 (May 2006)

Urban History for Planners,” Journal of Planning History, 5 (Nov. 2006)

Cyberpunk Cities: Science Fiction Meets Urban Theory,” Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27 (Winter 2007)

“Redefining Quaker Simplicity: The Friends Committee on National Legislation Building, 2006,” Quaker Studies, 12 (March 2008). Coauthored with Margery Post Abbott.

Imagining Portland’s Urban Growth Boundary: Planning Regulation as Cultural Icon,” Journal of the American Planning Association, 74 (Spring 2008). Coauthored with Joy Margheim.

Note: Book reviews, conference presentations, and entries for historical encyclopedias not included.


“Colorado and the American Renaissance, 1876 1917,” educational catalog to accompany exhibit at the Denver Art Museum

Op-ed articles for newspapers including the Cleveland Plain Dealer, Denver Post, Dayton Daily News, Eugene Register-Guard, Portland Oregonian, Arizona Republic, and Boston Globe.

Columnist for Portland Business Journal, 1984-90

Articles of topics of urban affairs, history, and planning for Historic Preservation, Landscape Architecture, Atlanta: The Magazine of the Urban South, Southern Exposure, Oregon Business, Ms., Health, Cascadia Forum, Preservation News, Portland Monthly, Portland Spaces, and other general circulation and professional magazines


Editorial board memberships:

Colorado Historical Society, 1983 97
Journal of the American Planning Association, 1988 90
Pacific Historical Review, 1990 93
Oregon State University Press, 1994-97
Journal of Urban History, 1997-2000
Oregon Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2006-

National Register nominations:

Ladd’s Addition Historic District (Portland)
East Portland/Grand Avenue Historic District (Portland)
New Houston Hotel (Portland)
Historic Context Statement, Northwest Portland

Consultant to Environmental Protection Agency on enforcement litigation, 1972

Consultant to Metropolitan State College, Denver, community analysis and documentation, 1972
Originator and coordinator of annual conference on “The Urban South,” Old Dominion University/Norfolk State College, 1975-77

Script developer/lecturer for 20-program television series on the history of the American West, for NBC affiliate in Norfolk-Portsmouth, Virginia

Chair of Steering Committee, Columbia River Highway Historic Resource Survey, 1981 83

Consultant to Portland Office of Neighborhood Associations on neighborhood arbitration, 1982

Consultant to Cowlitz County Historical Society (WA) for exhibit on the history of Longview, 1988

History of Metropolitan Service District, prepared for Metro Charter Commission, 1991

Board member, Urban History Association, 1988-91

Consultant to Oregon Historical Society for planning and development of permanent exhibit on the history of Portland, 1992-95

History of Portland area settlement patterns, prepared for Metro Future Vision Committee, 1993

Board member, International Planning History Association, 1993-95

Co-editor, Book Reviews, Journal of the American Planning Association, 1993-98

President, Urban History Association, 1995

Board member, Society for American City and Regional Planning History, 1996-

Co-editor, Pacific Historical Review, 1996-

Co-editor, Journal of the American Planning Association, 1998-2004

Consultant and core team for U.S. Department of Education Teaching American History grant to Portland and Beaverton public schools: 2002-2011

Consultant to Oregon Historical Society on Oregon History Project website and Lewis and Clark Exposition exhibit, 2004-2005

Consultant to Architectural Heritage Gallery (Portland) on “Portland in the 1890s” exhibit, 2007

Consultant for Working Waterfront Coalition (Portland), 2007

Note: Referee reports for scholarly journals and publishers not included.


Chair, Community Affairs Budget Advisory Committee, City of Portland, 1978-79

Chair, Review Committee for Portland Office of Neighborhood Associations, 1979-80

Board member and treasurer, Historic Preservation League of Oregon, 1980 84

City Club of Portland:

Research Committee on Downtown Development, 1981-83
Research Committee on Multnomah County Library. 1983
Chair, Committee on Long Range Library Services, 1985-86
Research Board member, 1990-92

Technical Advisory Committee, Portland Waterfront Park Plan, 1982

Advisory Committee, Portland Historic Buildings Inventory, 1983

Board member, Center for Urban Education, 1987-89

Board member, Oregon Downtown Development Association, 1992-94

Review Committee, Albina Neighborhood Historic Inventory, 1993

Long Range Planning Committee, Multnomah County Library, 1993-94

Board member, Livable Oregon, Inc., 1994-99 (Chair 1997-98)

Board member, Old Town History Project, 2003-2004

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